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Culture on Display at the West Indian American Carnival

The Labor Day weekend means one thing to New York’s West Indian American community: the West Indian American Carnival! Now in its 46th year, the Carnival bills itself as the greatest carnival in North America. It is perhaps New York’s largest cultural festival.

The celebration of carnival began in the 1920s as a private event among the West Indian communities in Harlem. It became an official event in 1947, when a Trinidadian woman received a permit from the city to organize a street festival on Labor Day. In 1964, the city revoked the permit because of a disturbance at one event.

The festival resumed in 1969, in a new location – Brooklyn’s Eastern Parkway – perhaps following the migration of West Indians from Harlem. It also had an organizing committee, the West Indian American Day Carnival Association, which, under the 32-year stewardship of Carlos Lezama grew into the signature event it is today.

The West Indian American Carnival, 2013

Each year, the carnival kicks off on Thursday with a music festival, featuring some of the region’s popular entertainers. On Friday, there’s a Youth Fest and a Brass Fest; and a Junior Carnival Parade and Panorama Steelband Competition on Saturday. Fat Sunday (Dimanche Gras) features the winner of the steelband competition as well as the king and queen costume winners.

West Indian American Carnival Queen

Taking photos with the queen

And on Labor Day Monday, the activities come to a grand finale with parade which attracts elected officials – the Brooklyn Borough President, Marty Markowitz, has been the grand master for the last several years – business leaders, members of the Caribbean diplomatic corps and between one and three million people. They line the Eastern Parkway parade route from Schenectady Avenue to Grand Army Plaza enjoying Caribbean food, the many floats, costumed bands, and the sounds of Soca, Reggae, Zouk, Kompa, Salsa and Calypso.

Junior Carnival, West Indian American Carnival

Watching the Junior or Kiddie Carnival

Like most West Indians, I look forward to carnival and have spent many a Labor Day on the Parkway. Had it not been for my not-totally-back-to-normal-ankle, I would have been there this year. The junior carnival was a good compromise as I’d never been and I was curious to see the youngsters do their thing. Yes, carnival is not only for the adults.

Junior Carnival, West Indian American Carnival

Junior Carnival

It was nearly 2 pm when I arrived at the Eastern Parkway/Brooklyn Museum station. As I exited the subway, I was surprised to see several parents and their costumed youngsters waiting to board. Was the carnival finished? I was relieved when one mom said her daughter had already performed and they were going home to rest. Outside the station, more people were sitting on benches near the museum’s entrance or milling around.

I followed the sound of soca music to the area behind the museum where the carnival was taking place. There were food vendors, face painters and people, lots of people, flags waving, flags tied on their wrists, or dressed in the colors of their respective flags. There was pride and excitement in the air.

There were only a few bleacher seats and they were already taken so I joined a group of people standing partially under the shade of a large tree. But I was so far back, I could hardly see the stage when the different camps danced and paraded before the judges, without raising myself on to my toes – something I could have done easily pre-accident. I was lucky to get a few photos. I’ll just have to get there earlier next time.

Linking up this week with Travel Photo Thursday, which Nancie at Budget Travelers Sandbox organizes.


  1. The costumes are amazing…
    Muza-chan recently posted..A Japanese Song per Day: v[NEU] – LimitMy Profile

  2. that looks like fun, I love that feather display, I would love to do a picture under that colorful display!
    noel recently posted..Filoli Gardens in Summer timeMy Profile

  3. I guess wearing high heels with a bum ankle to get a better view wouldn’t be too bright. It sounds & looks like a colourful weekend and I bet the dancing is out of this world.
    Leigh recently posted..Hiking a Loop Trail in the Skoki Area, Banff National ParkMy Profile

  4. That event looks like great fun! I would love to attend some day – the colors are stunning!
    Jackie Smith recently posted..When the Sun Shines on Amsterdam. . .My Profile

  5. This looks like a lot of fun, and so colourful. It’s great when the juniors get to do their own thing too … gives them so much confidence. Love your lead photo – I could drink those cocktail colours!
    Johanna recently posted..Grandmother’s Legacy and a silk kimonoMy Profile

  6. I love hearing about new places and things – thank you Marcia!

  7. How cool would it be to see this festival? I love all the vibrant colors of their costumes. I bet those little girls were just adorable to see. I hope your ankle is completely healed soon, Marcia.

  8. Hi Marcia, we saw the parade on TV and it looked so festive, so colorful. The energy was infectious. I saw an interview with a man who was cooking and selling Jamaican chicken jerks on the street. I thought of you and was wondering if you were there enjoying the festivities and devouring on those delicious jerkies.
    Marisol recently posted..Beyond Melbourne: Dandenong Ranges and Yarra ValleyMy Profile

  9. What a colorful event. I love this type of carnivals – it’s a fun opportunity to get to know another culture through its dance, music and food.
    jill recently posted..30 Days, 3 Countries, One Daypack ChallengeMy Profile

  10. It is a fun event, Jill, the perfect venue to sample new foods, enjoy the parade and have fun.

  11. You’re welcome, Seana.

  12. They really are, Lili. A lot of time and planning goes into creating them.

  13. Hi Marisol, I wasn’t there for the parade but I went to the kiddies carnival.
    Unfortunately, I didn’t see any jerk there.

  14. It’s a pretty cool event, Mary, and great to see the kids. They were so excited to perform.
    I wanted to stay to see who the winners were but I couldn’t stand any longer.
    Thanks, Mary, I hope so too. It really hobbles me.

  15. Lots of fun, even to watch them perform — they’re so enthusiastic.
    Glad you like the photo, Johanna, and the colors.

  16. It’s a lot of fun, Jackie. The kids are talented, their enthusiasm infectious.

  17. No, it wouldn’t, Leigh. I can’t wait until I’m back to normal.
    The carnival is definitely colourful and fun.

  18. Definitely difficult to ignore the feathers and the elaborate and colourful costumes, Noel.

  19. I really like how colorful and vibrant those costumes are. I always enjoy the music and energy of parades, and this one sounds like it has heaps of both. I hope your ankle gets better soon. (Mine’s been off for the last 2 years.)
    Michele recently posted..Kids and Nintendos at The LouvreMy Profile

  20. Thanks, Michele. I’m hoping so too and trying very hard not to overdo it. I hope yours does too.
    Parades are a lot of fun — the food, the music, the costumes, especially the costumes.